This is historical reference material from the public domain Ebook “The Battle of Long Island” by The Long Island Historical Society. If you enjoy the material below you are more than welcome to download the complete PDF Ebook for free by going to the bottom of this post.
The occupation of New York, and the command of the Hudson, would separate the spinal column of the confederacy, and paralyze, if it did not destroy, its vitality. The British army now occupied a territory entirely populated by its bitter enemies, while unquestionable intelligence from New York convinced the Howes that the citizens of that colony were as firmly devoted to the royal interests. The military campaign of the Battle of Long Island, adopted by the Admiral and the General, exhibited extrodenary excellence and resources adequate to the work at capturing Long Island. The undisguised loyalty of the inhabitants of
Staten Island, and the exposure of almost its entire surface to the sweep of the guns of the British fleet, made it eminently fit for the rendezvous of the great force it was designed to assemble. It is difficult at this point to account for the removal, by General Howe, of all the Boston Garrisons to Halifax, when the descent upon Long Island had been determined upon, and was so easy of accomplishment. It was made a subject of violent animadversion by the British writers that he should have compelled the heroic troops, who had so long endured the bombardment of the American artillery from the heights of Roxbury and Dorchester, with the confinement and exhaustion of a close investment in the crowded streets of Boston, to subject themselves to the enervating voyages in sailing to and from Halifax. These needless sufferings they were compelled to undergo, instead of recruiting in the genial climate, and feasting upon the abundant resources of Long Island. It was said in the high circles of Grub street, and echoed on the floor of the House of Commons that “the fields of that rich island were thronged with bounteous supplies of vegetables and fruits, so that the army, encamped in tents, or hutted, after the fashion of the rebels, would have recruited soon enough to have entered upon the campaign early in the season.
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